Prague – maturitní otázka

Tuto maturitní otázku z anglického jazyka vytvořila Natálie V., další najdete na webu zde:


Prague is the capital city of Czech Republic. It is situated in Central Bohemian Region along the Vltava river. It has 1.3 million inhabitants. It is the centre of government, economics, culture, also a political, administrative, financial and commercial centre. It’s also the residence of Czech president. It is a magical city of bridges, cathedrals, towers, red roofs.


A legend connects its foundation with princess Libuše. In 14th century, bohemian king Charles IV. Transformed Prague into an imperial capital. He founded Charles University. During his reign, the town flourished, the same as in 16th century, when bohemian king Rudolf II. Chose Prague as his residence. During 19th century, National theatre was opened by the opera Libuše from Bedřich Smetana and the Petřín tower was opened for the public. In 20th century, many events happened in Prague, such as Nazi occupation (that happened not only in Prague of course), the \Prague Spring or Velvet revolution.


As for transport, you can use trams, buses, underground (3 lines). There are two railway stations. Masaryk station and Wilson station. We also have one airport-Václav Havel airport-named after the first Czech president Václav Havel. For bigger comfort, you can use taxi or Uber, Taxify services. During summer, there’s also a possibility of using Rekola.


Prague is the centre of culture in Czech Republic. There are many theatres, the main ones are Smetana Theatre, which is the State Opera, Vinohrady and National theatre. There are many halls, such as Lucerna Palace-Great Hall, or Žofín palace, where graduation balls are held.


In the city centre, there are mainly shops with souvenirs for tourists, but there are also many shopping centres (Nový Smíchov, Arkády, Letňany). People, especially tourists, tend to do window shopping (očumování výloh).


In Prague, there are so many places of interest:

  • Wenceslas Square -real centre of the city, national museum at the top, includes the statue of Czech patron Saint Wenceslas, overcrowded with tourists
  • The Municipal House-in 1918, independent Czechoslovak republic was declared here, art nouveau style, today it’s main concert venue
  • Celetná street-connected with life of author Franz Kafka
  • Karolinum-part of Charles university since 1383, central interior space used for commencement ceremonies and other official events
  • The Old Town Hall-gothic style, execution of 27 noblemen in 1621, burned down in May 1945
  • Astronomical clock-oldest part of Orloj, 12 apostolles and other figures appear when the clock strikes the hour
  • The Charles bridge-gothic, statues baroque, connects the Old Town and Lesser Town (Malá Strana), many artists
  • Prague castle-seat of the president, guarded by guards in uniforms
  • Saint Vitus cathedral-gothic, king Charles and his four wifes are buried here, includes the Crown chamber with Bohemian Coronation Jewels
  • Petřín tower-copy of Eiffel tower, includes the Mirror maze, nice gardens around

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