Maturitní otázku z angličtiny na téma The Czech Republic nám zaslala Pužmanová. Více maturitních otázek z anglického jazyka najdete na našem webu Anglictina-maturita.cz.
The Czech Republic is a country in the middle of Europe. It has about 11 milion inhabitants. The capital is Prague. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and more.
We bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the southeast, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west.The major nationalities living in the country are Czech, Moravian and Silesians, but there are minority groups such as the poles, the Germans and the Ukrainians.
Our national flag has two horizontal stripes (white and red) and blue wedge. Our currency is Czech crown. Our country has varied landscape. Bohemia is surrounded by a ring of mountains- the Šumava range, the Czech Forest, the Ore Mountains, the Jizera Mountains, the Eagle and Giant Mountains, Jeseníky and Beskydy. The highest mountains in the Czech Republic is Snezka, which is 1602 meters high. The longest rivers are Elbe and Vltava, oder Morava.The climate is mostly continental. The warmest areas are in South Moravia.
The Czech Republic has a rich history. There are many castles and chateaus. There are many sights which are registered on the pages of the UNESCO. Český Krumlov- i tis historical town in southern Bohemia on the Vltava River. There stay the second largest chateau in the CZ. In its garden is open-air theatre. We can find there Egon Schiele Centrum. Kutná hora- Town was called <town od miners>, there were the silver eploited. The patriot of miners was St. Barbora. In memory of her they built gothic cathedral which bears her name and dominates the town. This sight is in bad state, because town has a lack of money to repair it. Other sights which belongs to unesco are: Telč, Kroměříž, Hictoric core of Prague and more Holašovice Village or Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc.
Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne and Frantiskovy Lazne, The famous Czech Bohemian Triangle of spa goods, Karlovy Vary, was founded in 14h century by the Emperor Charles IV and has remained a popular place for patients from all over the world, especially those suffering from fro stomach, gallbladder and liver disorders. Mariánské Lázně, with its numerous parks and flower beds which make it one of the most attractive Czech spa towns, is a popular venue for patients suffering from kidney disorders, asthma, or nervous diseases. Located in the middle of woods and parks, Frantiskovy Lazne is a famous spa for patients with women and heart diseases. The Poet Goethe said this was „paradise on Earth“. The south of Bohemia belongs to the most beautiful regions of Europe. The water from the region is used in locally produced beverages including Mattoni from Karlovy Vary and Aquila from the village of Kyselka.
The Šumava Mountains, which are even today covered with charming woods and swamps, are a super summer and winter holiday region, with nice trips as well as sporting opportunities such as cycling or skiing. In addition, there is the Boubin primeval forest. The sunny, sunny landscape of South Bohemia is full of lakes for fish breeding, r. Also, the towns located in the region are extremely interesting: for example, Tabor, a town that became the center of the Hussite Wars of the 14h century, Ceske Budejovice and its famous beer Budweiser, Pisek with its stone bridge with seven arches, the second oldest bridge in central europe; The picturesque town of Český Krumlov with a castle from the early 13th century and many beautiful Gothic and Renaissance houses, or the town of Domažlice, the historical capital of the Chodsko Region. South Bohemia is also famous for its marvelous castles.
In the north of the country, the Giant Mountains are the highest mountain range with Snow and its highest peak (1602m), Industry is a typical feature of the region, and there are some of the largest industrial towns of the country (Liberec, Jablonec, Usti nad Labem etc.). The tow is surrounded by the Lusatian Mountains and the Jizera Mountains, a popular destination for winter holidaymakers, Unfortunately, air pollution has ice to huge damage to the forests in the passport decades.
The east part of Bohemia brings us close to Moravia. From the political point of view, It is part of the Czech lands, although it has retained its own traditions and history. Typical teatunavjan Southern part is wine farming, which is possible because of its moist climate. In Soutt villages, almost every house has its wine cellar. Wine farmers are visited by a lot of guests who are very enthusiastic about the local delicious wine.
South Moravia has a beautiful place called Moravian Karst with underground caves decorated with numerous stalactites and stalagmites of different shapes and colors. The cave labyrinth can be seen from boats floating on the underground river called Punkva A center of South Moravia, Brno is a remarkable city, unofficially known as the capital of Morana The city is known by foreign businessmen in particular as they come to see the trade fairs and in North Moravia, there is a fruitful agricultural region called Haná with a beantiful university and an important industrial center The mountains are also worth mentioning, and the Jeseniky exhibitions held there every year. called Olomouc, the second most important historical site of the Czech lands. Town Ostrava Beskydy Mountains are attractive destination for winter halidays.
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